## Medium puzzles

Snow-particles are falling on the ground one after another. A particular snowflake turns out to be of type "Stellar Dendrite" with probability 'p' if its previous particle was also Stellar Dendrite, and with probability 'q' if previous one was something else. If a snowflake is picked from ground, what is the probability that it is Stellar Dendrite?

PS:Although no two snowflakes are alike, yet there are various crystalline structures to categorize their interesting shapes. The image depicts the most popular shape, called Stellar Dendrites, which means star-like particles with tree-like branches.

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After the revolution, each of the 66 citizens of a certain city, including the king, has a salary of 1. King cannot vote, but has the power to suggest changes - namely, redistribution of salaries. Each person's salary must be a whole number of dollars, and the salaries must sum to 66. He suggests a new salary plan for every person including himelf in front of the city. Citizens are greedy, and vote yes if their salary is raised, no if decreased, and don't vote otherwise. The suggested plan will be implemented if the number of "yes" votes are more than "no" votes. The king is both, selfish and clever. He proposes a series of such plans. What is the maximum salary he can obtain for himself?

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Source: P. Winkler
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At a party of N people, some have a symmetric friendship. Symmetric means that if A is friends with B, then B is in turn friends with A. Prove that there are at-least two people with same number of friends.

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Source: Top Quant Interview
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p and q are two points chosen at random between 0 & 1. What is the probability that the ratio p/q lies between 1 & 2?

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Source: Written Test
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Roll a die, and you get paid what the dice shows. But if you want, you can request a second chance & roll the die again; get paid what the second roll shows instead of the first. What is the expected value?

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